The futile exercise of ‘Chakbandi’ in Delhi villages

Ever since the new State Government in Delhi headed by Mr. Arvind Kejriwal has assumed office, there have been a few discussions to invigorate earlier initiatives for the development of the villages (so called Rural villages) in Delhi.

Agreed, such initiatives should be supported wholeheartedly, and by all. However, the tools that are being planned for deployment are (in many cases) irrelevant and some reek of technical ignorance.

One such discussion is about “Extending the Laldora” of the villages which are covered under the Land pooling, to accommodate the additional population migrating into the villages. That precisely is WRONG ASSUMUPTION # 1.

So, to increase the land area under Lal Dora, the government has to provide more land for conversion into residential plots. There are only two ways to reach that goal.

  1. Acquire land directly from farmers
  2. Initiate Chakbandi of the entire ‘Raqba’ of the village

Acquire one cannot, as the tenets of the Land acquisition rehabilitation & resettlement bill 2014 has kicked in. Also, when the government acquires, it pays a much lower compensation than the market price. The Delhi farmers are much more knowledgeable & informed to allow ego tussles between two wings of the government to subject them to monetary loss.

That brings us to the second option of Consolidation.

What exactly is the ‘Chak bandi’ or Consolidation exercise?

The basic premise of the ‘Chakbandi’ exercise is to amalgamate and redistribute all or any of the land in any revenue village, so as to reduce the number of plots in the holding. It is done under the East Punjab Holdings (consolidation & prevention of fragmentation) Act 1954.

Historically, the consolidation process of any village does not get completed within the defined time limits and have taken upward of 15 to 20 years !!! Here is a list of some villages whose consolidation exercise hasn’t seen the light of the day since the past many decades.











There are also villages like Ladpur where this exercise hasn’t been initiated in independent India. (Since last 68 years)

Let’s take the next argument of Demography of villages. The pro voices would argue that the population of villages in on the increase, and that the area of Lal Dora should be increased, thereby provide shelter to the villagers.

Let’s take a look of data from the census 2001 & 2011 of some randomly drawn sample villages.


Population N zone







A careful analysis shows that the population growth has been lower than the normal growth than the rest of the country. The population increase in Savda was owing to the slum resettlement project, Ranikhera for Mundka industrial project and Karala for the unauthorized colonies that came up over the past 10years.

Population L zone Population P2 zone










We can be sure that any increase in the village population has been owing to some economic activity trigger in the surrounding areas. With the urbanization of sub cities like Dwarka & Rohini, many families from the surrounding rural areas have already moved to these sub cities owing to the quality of life, physical – social –recreational infrastructure.

There have been no spikes in population in villages, which are covered under the Land pooling policy. Seasonal migration of temporary farm workers does not constitute incremental population.

Hence, that argument too can be ruled out.

Let’s look at the potency of argument No. 03 – Land Pooling vs. Chakbandi exercise

Why Consolidation (Chak Bandi) of Land in Delhi villages cannot be undertaken before Land pooling exercise.

The process of Consolidation is irrelevant in the context of Land pooling owing to the following key reasons.

  1. The average land holding in Delhi (like in rest of India) is less than One hectare, and almost 90% of the land parcels are in that category.
  2. Land parcels are under the joint holding of family members, and the provisions of the Delhi Land reforms act 1954 do not allow the land to the fragmented amongst the family members.
  3. The consolidation exercise needs 80% consent through an application to the LG, of the villagers, who today do not see an impending need to consolidate their lands. They would rather monetize their land parcels through the recently announced ‘Land Pooling scheme’ of DDA.
  4. Even where the consolidation was ordered, the process is extremely lengthy and consolidation exercise takes anywhere between 10-20 years for completion. (*Please see chart attached)

Let’s examine the specific benefit under the Land pooling.

  • When the administration undertakes the colsolidation exercise in any village, the norm is to return back about 30-40% of the surrendered plot back to each villager, as approved Lal Dora RESIDENTIAL land, after a wait of almost 20 years.
  • Under the Land pooling policy, DDA has notified that they would give back 48-60% land back, in the form of a developable plot of land, wherein the land owner is allowed to develop multi storeyed residential dwelling units.
  • The landowner could also monetize his re-allotted land by trading the FSI to another developer, OR, enter into a relationship of a Joint venture partner OR developer.
  • The DDA has issued timelines wherein they endevor to re-allot the ‘converted residential plot’ within an approved sector of the new sub city, within 18-24 months. (Whereas, under Chakbandi, it would take decades).
  • Under the land pooling policy, the plot of land re-allotted back to the land owner would be LIQUID, and he could not just trade, but also leverage loans on the land. Lal Dora lands in the village do not qualify for loans, currently, owing to the lack of an integrated layout plan of the entire village.

There is data that post extension of the village ‘Abadi land’ by alloting them Lal Dora plots, the economic sphere of the farmer hasn’t changed one bit, but rather, it has declined.

This author has undertaken substantial ground level research at the Delhi villages, and can authoritatively state that the villages of Delhi are a world apart from the villages in many other states The constituents of villagers in Delhi are not only educated but also gainfully employed in the industry. They are well versed with the urbanisation process and have the ability to protect themselves against any unlawful land acquisition. . Possibly, like many other authorities, the Delhi Government too is mistaken about the eco-system of Delhi villages.

Why the Farmers would be against Chakbandi & extension of Lal Dora in each village

  • Under the Land pooling policy, DDA would pool the land submitted by the villagers, and give them “Residential Plots” in lieu of the land surrendered. Contrary to the acquisition process wherein the Landowner was losing his land assets, livelihood & quality of life, the Land pooling process actually enhances all three, multifold.
  • Every Land owner knows that under Land pooling, they can upgrade their quality of life by participating in the development process, and that even if they part monetize their assets, they can actually buy a larger piece of land in surrounding villages, which are either notified as LDRA villages, or in Haryana.
  • Even if the process of ‘Chakbandi’ is initiated in any village, the villagers are sure that the same cannot be completed in a time bound manner, thereby, depriving them of the opportunity to participate in the development process, and monetize their assets. (During the process of ‘Chakbandi’, the Landowners are notionally considered ‘Be’Dakhal’ from their land, and they cannot sell, lease, monetize OR engage in any activity whereby they establish any ownership rights).
  • When the Farmers are extended the benefits of the Incentivized redevelopment scheme, the Existing Abadi area of Lal Dora lands too would be consolidated and redeveloped with all modern infrastructure & amenities.
  • The villagers are being given two options under the Land pooling scheme, which are easily monetized.
  • Plot of land against Land surrendered
  • Tradable FAR
  • The above would add much more to individual earnings, than the extension of Lal Dora abadi land (which would take decades to consummate)

The villages in Delhi are much different than the villages in other states. The average level of education as well as awareness is much higher, and every village is within 7-10 kms of existing urbanized areas. There is at least one member of each family who is either gainfully employed in Govt. departments like Govt of NCT, DDA, MCD, Delhi Police etc.

Every village is aware of the development of ‘SMART CITIES’ and such new concepts, whereby the government plans to set up ultra modern city on the land contributed by the farmers. They certainly do not wish to be excluded from the development process, and would like to be a stakeholder in the same. Today, the villagers of Delhi are seeking that Knowledge based industrial parks be set up, and that their skill levels be enhanced on industries like ITeS, Financial services, manufacturing etc. rather than old economy skills on Farming & handicraft.

The villages are already moving towards a surplus entrepreneurial ecosystem from a subsistence economy.

This author feels that an exercise for the sake of the same need not be undertaken unless there is an intentional plan to throw spanner in to Land Pooling Policy of DDA.


  • A very well researched write up sir. Must commend you on your grasp of the subject. Why doesnt the government include people like you in planning?

  • May be third way of chakbandi is change 2 acre radius agriculture land every village into lal dora with same owner mpd 2021 also talk about that 120 meter land can be use for village purpose

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